ʻAukake ʻeleʻele

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ʻO ka grouse ʻeleʻele (ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele, kahua kahu) (Latin Lyrurus tetrix) kahi manu maʻamau no ka ʻohana Pheasant.

ʻO ka laulā o ka mahele maoli o ka grouse ʻeleʻele ka lawa ākea: noho ia i ka nahele a me nā wahi ulu lāʻau ulu o ʻEulopa a me ʻAsia. Loaʻa nā heluna o kēlā me kēia kanaka i ka pae o ka steppe o ka ʻāina nui. Aia ka hapa nui o ka laulā ma Lūkia.

ʻO ka grouse ʻeleʻele kahi manu nui, akā me kahi poʻo liʻiliʻi a me ka nuku pōkole.

Ua haʻi kēia mau manu i ka dimorphism moekolohe. ʻO ke kaumaha o nā kāne mai 1 a 1.4 kg, ko lākou kino kino mai 49 a 58 cm, a ʻo ke kaumaha o nā wahine mai 0.7 a 1 kg me ka lōʻihi o ke kino a 45 cm.

Hoʻomaopopo maʻalahi ʻia ke kāne e ka plumage, a ʻeleʻele i ka waihoʻoluʻu me ka poni ʻōmaʻomaʻo ma ke poʻo, goiter, ʻāʻī a me ke kua, ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula nā kuʻemaka. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao o lalo o ka ʻōpū o nā kāne he ʻeleʻele, akā me nā poʻo māmā o nā hulu; ma lalo o ka huelo, ʻokoʻa ke kala i keʻokeʻo.

ʻO nā hulu lele mua he ʻeleʻele i ka waihoʻoluʻu a he "aniani" - nā kiko keʻokeʻo ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ka hulu he 1-5. Ma nā hulu lele ʻelua, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ke aniani, a ma laila lākou e noho ai i kahi ʻāpana nui o nā ʻeheu. ʻO ka hulu o ka huelo ma nā piko he lipe poni, ʻo ka hulu o ka huelo o waho i wili ʻia i nā ʻaoʻao a i lawe ka huelo i kahi ʻano lira.

ʻAukake ʻeleʻele

Hoʻohui ʻia nā wahine, loaʻa i nā kala ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula, hele ʻia e nā kahakaha transverse o nā kala melemele a me nā ʻeleʻele-ʻeleʻele. Ma waho, ʻano like lākou me kahi capercaillie, akā naʻe, ʻokoʻa i ka hope, he mau aniani keʻokeʻo ma nā ʻeheu, a he wahi liʻiliʻi ma ka huelo. Keʻokeʻo ka huelo o nā manu o kēia ʻano wahine.

Hoʻohanohano ʻia nā ʻōpio e nā ʻōmole hou aʻe, me nā kahakaha a me nā kiko o nā lau ʻeleʻele, melemele a me nā keʻokeʻo.

Ka haku mele a me ka ʻike calorie

  • ʻO ka ʻike calorie, kcal 253.9
  • Nā Proteins, g 18
  • Nā momona, g 20
  • Kālika, g 0.5
  • Wai, g 65
  • Lehu, g 1.0

Nā pono kūpono o ka ʻiʻo grouse ʻeleʻele

ʻAukake ʻeleʻele

ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o kaʻiʻo grouse ʻeleʻele. ʻOiai ka nui o ka ʻike calorie, manaʻo ʻia he papaʻai.
Loaʻa iā ia nā wikamina a me nā minelala he nui. E pili ana i kāna ʻano kemika, ʻaneʻane like ia me kaʻiʻo hazel grouse, no laila, hiki ke kuke ʻia i kahi ala like.

He pāʻani kiʻekiʻe ko ka holoholona hihiu o ka folic acid, ka mea pono loa i ka wā hāpai a me ka lactation. Ma ke ala, pili ka waikawa folic i ka hoʻokumu ʻia o ka neural tube i loko o ka embryo, a inā loaʻa ʻole ia, e ala aʻe nā pathologies koʻikoʻi.

ʻAukake ʻeleʻele

Nui ka nui o ka grouse ʻeleʻele a me ka potassium, ka mea, me ka sodium, e hōʻoia i ke kaulike wai-mineral i ke kino. Loaʻa i ka poʻe o kēia manawa ka nui o ka sodium ma muli o ka paʻakai ʻana o ka meaʻai, akā nele loa ka potassium i kahi ʻāpana nui o ka lehulehu. ʻO ka hopena, nā maʻi o ka ʻōnaehana cardiovascular a me nā puʻupaʻa (hypertension, edema, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe).

ʻO ke keleawe, kahi ʻāpana o kaʻiʻo grouse, pale i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka anemia, nā maʻi o ka ʻili a me ka nalo ʻana o ka lauoho, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka lawe ʻana o ka meaʻai, ʻoiai he ʻāpana ia o nā hormones like ʻole a me nā digestive enzymes.
Aia i loko o ka ʻiʻo grouse ʻeleʻele he nui o ka hao, i ʻike ʻia e hāʻawi i ka hanu ʻana i ka pae pae pūnaewele. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o kaʻiʻo Grouse no ka anemia.

Ka hōʻino a me nā contraindications

Palekana loa ka ʻiʻo o kēia manu no nā kānaka. Hiki ke hoʻomanawanui ʻole i kēlā me kēia.

Nā ʻono ʻono o ka grouse ʻEleʻele

ʻO ka ʻono o kaʻiʻo grouse kaukaʻi ʻia i ka ʻāpana o ka wā i lī ʻia ai. ʻO ka manu o ka hāʻule, e hānai nui nei i nā hua (cranberry, lingonberry, blueberry a me nā mea ʻē aʻe), ʻono loa ia no nā ʻano ʻano culinary. ʻO kaʻiʻo o ka pāʻani i lawe ʻia i ka hoʻoilo e hoʻololi iki i kona ʻono ma muli o ke kū ʻana o nā nila pine a me nā ʻōpuʻu birch i ka papaʻai o ka grouse ʻeleʻele.

ʻOkoʻa nā manu o nā makahiki like ʻole, nā moa a me nā wahine i ka ʻono. ʻOi aku ka paʻakikī o kaʻiʻo o ke kāne Kosach a ʻoi aku ka maloʻo ma mua o ka gruse. ʻO ka ʻiʻo palupalu a momona hoʻi o nā ʻōpio, keu hoʻi nā wahine, ʻono e like me ka moa; hoʻomoʻa ʻia kēlā mau manu me nā kino make holoʻokoʻa. Koi aku ʻo Kosachi i ka ʻoki ʻana a hoʻolōʻihi i ka mālama ʻana i kaʻiʻo i mea e loaʻa ai ka palupalu i makemake ʻia.

Nā noi kuke

ʻAukake ʻeleʻele

I ke ʻano o ke kaulana i ke kuke ʻana, ʻo ka ʻiʻo ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele, a me nā ʻaʻa hazel a me nā partridges, noho i kekahi o nā wahi alakaʻi i waena o nā pāʻani. I nā kuke o nā lāhui like ʻole o ka honua, nui nā ʻano hoʻomākaukau no ka hoʻomākaukau. ʻIʻo ʻaihue ʻeleʻele:

  • hoʻohana ʻia i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i nā kīʻaha lawaiʻa kuʻuna i ke ahi hāmama;
  • palai ʻia a hoʻomoʻa ʻia paha me ke kupapaʻu holoʻokoʻa;
  • ukana;
  • ʻoki, ʻohi, hoʻomoʻa, ʻai a hoʻolapalapa ʻia;
  • hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻomākaukau i nā papa mua a me nā meaʻai māmā.

Hele maikaʻi ka ʻono a me ka wai momona me nā kīʻaha ʻelua a me nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao lau. Ma ke ʻano he hoʻopihapiha no ka moa mea hoʻopihapiha, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā cereala kuʻuna, akā, ʻo nā pūlehu hoʻi, nā nati, nā hua ʻāhiu, nā huaʻai, ka pala pala pala, kaʻuala, asparagus a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka mea i hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia o nā kīʻaha ʻeleʻele grouse e hiki ke hoʻokūʻī ʻia e nā mea ʻono like ʻole (waina, momona, kālika, tī, nutty).

ʻOi loa ka ʻono a kaulana:

  • nā kupapaʻu i hoʻomoʻa ʻia me ka pā palaʻi hū;
  • kuke i kuke ʻia ma ke ahi ākea, kālua ʻia i ka kuha a i hoʻomoʻa ʻia paha i ka pālolo;
  • nā noodles kosach homemade;
  • puree sup me ka ʻeleʻele grouse ʻiʻo a me nā legume;
  • nā papa nui a me nā meaʻai māmā mai ka grouse fillet me nā mea kanu like ʻole.

ʻAilau i hoʻomoʻa ʻia

ʻAukake ʻeleʻele

NĀ WAIWAI

  • 1 hoʻomākaukau i ka gruse ʻōpio e kaupaona ana ma lalo o 1 kg
  • 150 g puaʻa momona a i ʻole he loke puhi
  • 5 sā. l. pata
  • 2 kele. l. kāhinu
  • 1 kiaha waihona moa
  • 1/4 tsp kēlā me kēia. ka pepa keʻokeʻo lepo, allspice, mākeke a me ka pauka ginger
  • ka paʻakai, ka pepa ʻeleʻele hou o ka ʻāina
  • wahi liʻiliʻi o ka pāhiri no ka lawelawe ʻana

KEKAUOHA KOKEPE STEP-BY-STEP

  1. E hoʻomaloʻo i ka pā me nā kāwele pepa, hamo i loko a i waho me nā mea ʻala. Paʻahau i ka pēpē a i ʻole ka puaʻa, 20 mau minuke, ʻokiʻoki i mau pahu.
  2. Ke hoʻohana nei i kahi pahi lōʻihi, lōʻihi, e hana i kahi puncture i kaʻiʻo moa, e hoʻohuli i ka pahi 90 ° me ka hemo ʻole a hoʻokomo i kahi ʻāpana o ka puaʻa (bacon) i loko o ka lua. No laila mea i ka grouse holoʻokoʻa, e nānā ana i ka umauma. Lubricate i ka grater me ka waiūpulu palupalu ma nā ʻaoʻao āpau.
  3. E hoʻonoho i ka grater i loko o kahi pā palai hohonu a i ʻole ipu kīʻaha umu a kau i loko o ka umu i preheated i kiʻekiʻe (250-300 ° C) no kahi pā gula ʻōlinolino. Lawe kēia i 1 a 5 mau minuke, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka umu. Wehe i ka pepa bakena mai ka umu a hoʻemi i ka mahana a 180 ° C.
  4. E ninini i ka palaʻai ma luna o ke kahawai a hoʻi i ka umu a palupalu, ma kahi o 1.5 mau hola. I kēlā me kēia minuke 10-15. e hoʻoinu i ka grater me ka wai mai ka pepa bakena. ʻElua mau manawa, ma kahi o ka ninini ʻana i ka moa, palaki ka manu me ka puaʻa hoʻoheheʻe. Wehe i ka manu i hoʻopau ʻia mai ka umu, uhi ʻia me ka pepa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia a kū ma kahi o 20 mau minuke, a laila lawelawe, kāpīpī ʻia me ka pāhiri.

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