ʻO ke kiʻi a me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka pipi ʻōpala ko (Coprinellus saccharinus).

Contents

ʻO ka pīkoi lepo kō (Coprinellus saccharinus)

Systematics:
  • Māhele: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Māhele: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Papa: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Papa haʻahaʻa: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Kauoha: Agaricales (Agaric a i ʻole Lamellar)
  • ʻOhana: Psathyrellaceae (Psatyrellaceae)
  • ʻAno: Coprinellus
  • Type: ʻO Coprinellus saccharinus.
  • Coprinus saccharine Romagn (kahiko)

ʻO ke kiʻi a me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka pipi ʻōpala ko (Coprinellus saccharinus).

Palapala moʻolelo: Coprinellus saccharinus (Romagna) P. Roux, Guy Garcia & Dumas, He Tausani a me Hoʻokahi Fungi: 13 (2006)

Ua wehewehe mua ʻia kēia ʻano e Henri Charles Louis Romagnesi i ka makahiki 1976 me ka inoa ʻo Coprinus saccharinus. Ma muli o nā haʻawina phylogenetic i hana ʻia ma ka huli ʻana o nā kenekulia 2006 a me XNUMXst, ua hoʻokumu ka mycologists i ke ʻano polyphyletic o ka genus Coprinus a hoʻokaʻawale iā ia i kekahi mau ʻano. ʻO ka inoa hou i ʻike ʻia e Index Fungorum i hāʻawi ʻia i nā ʻano i XNUMX.

Ke po'o: liʻiliʻi, i nā ʻōpio ʻōpio hiki ke piʻi i 30 mm ākea a 16-35 mm kiʻekiʻe. Ovoid ka mua, a laula i ke ano bele, a o ka hope i convex. ʻO ke anawaena o ka pāpale o kahi halo makua a hiki i 5 knm. ʻO ka ʻili he radially striated, ocher-brown, brownish, light brown ma ka waihoʻoluʻu, ʻeleʻele ma luna, ʻeleʻele, ʻeleʻele-ʻeleʻele, ʻoi aku ka māmā ma nā ʻaoʻao. Uhi ʻia me ke keʻokeʻo liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi a i ʻole unahi - nā koena o kahi uhi maʻamau. ʻOi aku ka nui o nā mea ʻōpio; i loko o nā halo makua, aneane holoi ʻia lākou e ka ua a me ka hau. ʻO kēia mau unahi ma lalo o ka microscope:

ʻO ke kiʻi a me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka pipi ʻōpala ko (Coprinellus saccharinus).

ʻO ka pāpale i ʻokiʻoki ʻia mai ka lihi a kokoke i luna loa.

I ka wā o ka makua, e like me nā pipi lepo ʻē aʻe, "hoʻokahe ʻia ka inika", akā ʻaʻole loa.

papa: kūʻokoʻa a palupalu paha, pinepine, 55-60 mau papa piha, me nā papa, haiki, keʻokeʻo a keʻokeʻo paha i loko o nā'ōpiopio'ōpiopio, ma hope - hina, brownish, brown, a laila huli i kaʻeleʻele a blur, e lilo iʻeleʻele "ink".

wawae: ʻoluʻolu, cylindrical, 3-7 cm ke kiʻekiʻe, ʻaʻole hiki i 10 cm, a hiki i 0,5 cm mānoanoa. Keʻokeʻo, fibrous, hakahaka. Hiki ke mānoanoa me nā koena o kahi pale maʻamau ma ke kumu.

ʻOzonium: nalo. He aha ka "Ozonium" a me kona ʻano - ma ka ʻatikala Homemade dung beetle.

Pulp: lahilahi, palupalu, keokeo ma ka papale, keokeo, fibrous ma ke kumu.

ʻala a ʻono: me na hiohiona ole.

Hoʻopili ʻia ka pauda spore: ka eleele.

Nā hiʻohiʻona microscopic

Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ellipsoid a i ʻole like iki me nā mitriforms (ma ke ʻano o ka pāpale pīhopa), ʻoluʻolu, pā mānoanoa, me nā pores germinal 1,4-2 µm ākea. Nui: L = 7,3–10,5 µm; W = 5,3-7,4; Q = 1,27–1,54, Qm: 1,40.

ʻO ke kiʻi a me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka pipi ʻōpala ko (Coprinellus saccharinus).

ʻO ke kiʻi a me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka pipi ʻōpala ko (Coprinellus saccharinus).

ʻAʻohe pileocystidia a me calocystidia.

He nui nā Cheilocystidia, nui, poʻomanaʻo, 42–47 x 98–118 µm.

ʻO ka pleurocystidia like 44–45 x 105–121 µm ka nui.

Hua mai ka hopena o ke kauwela a hiki i ke kau.

Hoʻolaha nui ʻia ka ʻōpala ʻōpala kō ma ʻEulopa, akā kakaikahi. A i ʻole, ua kuhihewa pinepine ʻia no ka Twinkling Duckweed (Coprinellus micaceus) i kaulana loa.

Saprotroph. Hoʻoulu ia i nā ululāʻau deciduous a hui pū ʻia, nā lau nahele, ma nā kīhāpai a me nā ʻāpana i nā lālā pala, nā koena lāʻau, nā kumu hāʻule a me nā kumu, ma kahi o nā lau hāʻule. Hiki ke ulu ma luna o ka lāʻau i kanu ʻia i ka lepo. Hana i nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi.

ʻAʻohe ʻikepili hilinaʻi, ʻaʻohe kuʻikahi.

He nui nā kumu e hōʻike ana e hiki ke ʻai ʻia ka ʻōpala lepo kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ka ʻōpala lepo ʻili kokoke iā ia, ʻo ia hoʻi, pono e hōʻiliʻili ʻia nā pāpale o nā ʻōpio ʻōpio, pono ka paila mua ʻana mai 5 a 15 mau minuke.

Hoʻokaʻawale kekahi mau kumu iā ia he ʻano mea hiki ʻole ke ʻai ʻia.

E hoʻokomo pono mākou i ka ʻōpala Sugar Dung i loko o ke ʻano o nā halo hiki ʻole ke ʻai ʻia a noi i kā mākou poʻe heluhelu mai hoʻokolohua iā lākou iho: e hana nā poʻe akamai. Eia kekahi, e manaʻoʻiʻo mai iaʻu, ʻaʻohe mea kūikawā e ʻai ai ma laila, a ʻo ka ʻono ke ʻano.

ʻO ke kiʻi a me ka wehewehe ʻana o ka pipi ʻōpala ko (Coprinellus saccharinus).

ʻO ka nalo lepo ʻelepa (Coprinellus micaceus)

Ma ke ʻano moʻolelo, ʻaʻole ʻokoʻa ka ʻokoʻa o ka pipi Sugar dung beetle me ka Flickering dung beetle, ulu nā ʻano ʻelua i nā kūlana like. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa wale nō ke kala o nā unahi ma ka pāpale. I ka Flickering, alohi lākou e like me nā ʻāpana makuahine o ka momi, i ke Sugar, he keʻokeʻo wale nō. Ma ka pae microscopic, ʻike ʻia ʻo C. saccharinus ma ka loaʻa ʻole o nā calocystids, ka nui a me ke ʻano o nā spores - ellipsoidal a i ʻole ovoid, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka miter ma mua o Flicker.

No ka papa inoa piha o nā ʻano like, "Flicker-Like Dung", e nānā i ka Flicker Dung.

Kiʻi: Sergey.

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