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He aha ka "flu opu"?

ʻO ka "intestinal flu", a i ʻole gastroenteritis, kahi ʻāʻī o ka ʻāpana ʻōpū. ʻOiai ka inoa, ʻaʻole na ka maʻi influenza ponoʻī ka maʻi; hiki ke hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻano maʻi like ʻole, me ka rotavirus, adenovirus, astrovirus, a me ka norovirus mai ka ʻohana calicivirus.

Hiki ke hoʻoulu ʻia ka maʻi maʻi maʻi bacteria e like me salmonella, staphylococcus, campylobacter a i ʻole pathogenic E. coli.

ʻO nā hōʻailona o ka gastroenteritis e pili ana i ka maʻi maʻi, ka luaʻi, ka ʻeha ʻōpū, ke kuni, ke anuanu a me ka ʻeha kino. Hiki ke ʻokoʻa ka paʻakikī o nā hōʻailona, ​​ʻo ka maʻi mai kekahi mau hola a i kekahi mau lā, e pili ana i ka pathogen a me ke kūlana o nā pale o ke kino.

No ke aha i ʻoi aku ka pilikia o ka maʻi gastroenteritis no nā keiki liʻiliʻi?

ʻO nā kamaliʻi liʻiliʻi (a hiki i ka 1,5-2 mau makahiki) e ʻeha pinepine i nā maʻi infectious infectious a ʻeha loa iā lākou. ʻO ke kumu o kēia ʻo ke ʻano o ka ʻōnaehana pale o ke keiki, ka nele o nā mākau hoʻomaʻemaʻe a, ʻo ka mea nui loa, ʻo ka piʻi ʻana o ke kino o ke keiki e hoʻomohala i kahi kūlana dehydration, ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa e hoʻopaʻi i ka nalowale o ka wai a me ka nui o ka pilikia. koʻikoʻi, hoʻopilikia pinepine i ke ola o kēia maʻi. 

Pehea e loaʻa ai i kahi keiki ka "flu ʻōpū"?

He maʻi lele loa ka maʻi gastroenteritis a he pilikia ia i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻai paha kāu keiki i kahi mea i haumia i ka maʻi maʻi a i inu paha i ke kīʻaha o kekahi a i ʻole nā ​​mea hana i hoʻohana ʻia mai kahi mea i loaʻa i ka maʻi (hiki ke lawe i ka maʻi me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā hōʻailona).

Aia kekahi hiki ke loaʻa ka maʻi inā pili ka pēpē me kāna mau feces. He mea leʻaleʻa ia, akā naʻe, hiki pinepine kēia i ke ola o kahi keiki liʻiliʻi. E hoʻomanaʻo he microscopic ka nui o ka bacteria. ʻOiai inā maʻemaʻe nā lima o kāu keiki, aia nō paha nā maʻi maʻi ma luna o lākou.

Ehia mau manawa e loaʻa ai nā keiki i ka maʻi maʻi ʻōpū?

Aia ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi i ka lua ma ke ʻano o ka hopena ma hope o ka maʻi o ka ʻōpū hanu kiʻekiʻe - ARVI. Nui nā keiki i loaʻa i ka "flu ʻōpū" ma kahi o ʻelua manawa o ka makahiki, ʻoi aku paha inā hele ke keiki i ke kula kindergarten. Ma hope o ka hiki ʻana i nā makahiki ʻekolu, e hoʻoikaika ʻia ka pale ʻana o ke keiki a me ka emi ʻana o ka maʻi maʻi.

Āhea pono e ʻike i ke kauka?

Pono ʻoe e nīnau i ke kauka ke manaʻo ʻoe he gastroenteritis kāu pēpē. A inā ua ʻike ke keiki i ka luaʻi episodic ma mua o hoʻokahi lā, a i ʻole ʻike ʻoe i ke koko a i ʻole ka nui o ka mucus i loko o ka waihona, ua lilo ka pēpē i mea capricious - ʻo ia ke kumu o ke kūkākūkā olakino koʻikoʻi.

Pono ʻoe e nīnau i ke kauka inā loaʻa nā hōʻailona o ka dehydration:
  • mimi pinepine ʻole (maloʻo ka diaper ma mua o 6 mau hola)
  • hiamoe a hopohopo paha
  • alelo maloʻo, ʻili
  • maka poho, uwe waimaka ole
  • lima anu a me na wawae

Malia paha e kuhikuhi ke kauka i kahi papa hana antibacterial no kāu pēpē, mai hopohopo - e ola ke keiki i nā lā 2-3.

Pehea e mālama ai i ka maʻi maʻi ʻōpū?

ʻO ka mea mua, pono ʻoe e kāhea i ke kauka ma ka home, ʻoiai inā he pēpē ke keiki. Inā he maʻi bacteria, hiki i kāu kauka ke kauoha i ka lāʻau antibiotic. ʻAʻole pono ka lāʻau lapaʻau inā he maʻi gastroenteritis viral. Mai hāʻawi i kāu keiki i ka lāʻau anti-diarrhea, no ka mea, e hoʻolōʻihi wale ia i ka maʻi a hiki i nā hopena koʻikoʻi.

He mea nui e noʻonoʻo i ka hiki ʻana o ka dehydration ʻaʻole wale ma muli o ka pau ʻana o ka wai, akā ma muli o ka luaʻi ʻana, ka maʻi paʻi a i ʻole ke kuni. Pono e hānai i ke keiki. ʻO ka hopena anti-dehydration maikaʻi loa: 2 tbsp. kō, 1 tsp. paʻakai, 1 tsp. E hoʻoheheʻe i ka soda baking i 1 lita. ʻO ka wai paila i ka lumi wela. E inu liʻiliʻi a pinepine - hapalua puna i ka manawa.

Makemake au e hoʻoikaika hou: inā pale ʻia ka dehydration, e ʻike ke keiki i loko o 2-3 mau lā me ka ʻole o nā lāʻau lapaʻau.

Pehea e pale ai i ka gastroenteritis?

E holoi pono i kou mau lima ma hope o kēlā me kēia hoʻololi diaper a ma mua o kēlā me kēia hoʻomākaukau meaʻai. Pela no na lala a pau o ka ohana.

No ka pale ʻana i ka gastroenteritis koʻikoʻi loa i nā pēpē - rotavirus - aia kahi lāʻau lapaʻau waha kūpono "Rotatek" (hana ʻia ma Netherlands). ʻO ka wehewehe ʻana o ka "waha" ʻo ia hoʻi, ua hāʻawi ʻia ke kano ma o ka waha. Hiki ke hoʻohui ʻia me nā lāʻau lapaʻau ʻē aʻe me ka ʻokoʻa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau kūʻē i ka maʻi maʻi maʻi. Hoʻokō ʻia ka lāʻau lapaʻau i ʻekolu mau manawa: ʻo ka manawa mua ma 2 mahina o ka makahiki, a laila ma 4 mau mahina a me ka hopena hope loa i 6 mau mahina. Hiki i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana ke hōʻemi nui i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka rotavirus i nā keiki ma lalo o 1 makahiki o ke ola, ʻo ia hoʻi, i ka makahiki i hiki ai i kēia maʻi ke make. Hōʻike nui ʻia ka lāʻau lapaʻau no nā keiki i hānai ʻia i ka hue, a me nā hihia kahi e hoʻolālā ai ka ʻohana i nā huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi i kahi ʻē aʻe.

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