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Testosterone

- ʻo ka hormone kuleana no ke ʻano ʻino o nā kāne i hana ʻia i loko o ke kino wahine. No laila, hiki iā mākou ke kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pae testosterone hoʻemi e pili ana i ke olakino kāne a me ka wahine. E hoʻomaka kākou me nā pilikia o nā kāne:

ʻO Testosterone ka hormone sex nui loa i nā kāne. Hoʻopuka nui ʻia ia i loko o nā ʻōpū kāne kāne a nona ke kuleana no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi leo hohonu, nā ʻiʻo nui a kiʻekiʻe a me ka lauoho kino. ʻO Testosterone kekahi kuleana no ka spermatogenesis.

He hopena maikaʻi ʻole ka emi ʻana o ka pae testosterone i ke olakino o ke kanaka, ma ke kino a me ka noʻonoʻo.

ʻO ka waiwai maʻamau maʻamau no nā kāne he 12-33 nmol/l (345-950 ng/dl). Hoʻololi nā pae Testosterone me ka makahiki. He haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa ka pae o ka hormone ma mua o nā ʻōpio. Piʻi ka pae testosterone i ka wā ʻōpio, a laila e emi mālie ma hope o 30 mau makahiki.

ʻO ka emi ʻana o ka physiological i nā pae testosterone ma hope o ka makahiki 50 i kapa ʻia ʻo andropause a i ʻole menopause kāne. ʻO nā haʻahaʻa testosterone haʻahaʻa he hōʻailona paha ia o kahi kūlana i kapa ʻia ʻo hypogonadism.

ʻO ka Hypogonadism

he kūlana i hiki ʻole ai i ke kino ke hana i ka nui o ka testosterone. Loaʻa ka maʻi ma muli o ka lawa ʻole o ka gonadal a i ʻole nā ​​pilikia me ka pituitary gland. Hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia nā pae Testosterone e nā kūlana maʻamau e like me ka momona, nā maʻi autoimmune, a i ʻole type 2 diabetes.

testosterone i na wahine

Hoʻopuka pū ke kino o ka wahine i ka testosterone, akā i nā mea liʻiliʻi loa ma mua o ke kāne. ʻO nā pae testosterone maʻamau i nā wahine he 15-70 ng / dL. I loko o ke kino wahine, hoʻopuka ʻia ka testosterone e nā ovaries a me nā kelepa adrenal. E like me nā kāne, hiki i nā haʻahaʻa testosterone haʻahaʻa i nā wahine ke hopena o nā maʻi like ʻole. ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻike nā wahine i ka emi nui o ka pae testosterone i ka wā menopause. Hiki i nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o ka hormone testosterone i nā wahine ke alakaʻi i ka libido, nele i ka ikehu a me ke kaumaha.

Nā hōʻailona o ka testosterone haʻahaʻa

Hiki i ka hypogonadism i nā kāne ke hānau a loaʻa paha ma muli o ka hōʻeha a i ʻole ka maʻi.

Nā hōʻailona o ka hypogonadism i nā keikikāne pubertal:

  • Ka nele o ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻiʻo
  • leo kiʻekiʻe
  • Ka nele o ka lauoho maka a me ke kino
  • Ka ulu lohi o ka penis a me ka testicles
  • ʻO nā lālā lōʻihi loa

Nā hōʻailona o ka hypogonadism i nā kāne:

  • Ka halaʻole
  • Ka nele i ka makemake moe kolohe
  • hana kīnā ʻole o erectile
  • Kakaʻikahi ka lauoho maka a me ke kino
  • ʻO ka gynecomastia hoʻopunipuni - ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻiʻo adipose ma ka ʻāpana o ka umauma e like me ke ʻano wahine

Ke emi nei nā pae testosterone me ka makahiki, hiki i ke kanaka ke ʻike:

  • 'Oloke
  • E hoemi ana i ka makemake moe kolohe
  • Hoʻoemi i ka manaʻo nui
  • Nā pilikia moe

E like me kāu e haʻi ai, ʻaʻole kikoʻī kēia mau hōʻailona, ​​hiki iā lākou ke hana no nā kumu like ʻole a ʻaʻole wale me nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa. No ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa pololei ʻana i ka hypogonadism, hana maʻamau ka urologist i kahi hoʻokolohua lapaʻau me kahi mōʻaukala olakino ponoʻī, e pili ana i nā hopena i kuhikuhi ʻia ai nā hoʻokolohua laboratory. Ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka emi ʻana o nā pae testosterone, pono e hoʻokumu i ke kumu o kēia ʻano. Pono paha ʻoe e kūkākūkā me nā loea e pili ana (therapist, endocrinologist) a me nā ʻano diagnostic instrumental e like me radioography, ultrasound, tomography. Ma ka nānā wale ʻana i nā hopena o kahi hoʻokolokolo piha e hiki ai i ke kauka ke hoʻokumu i ka ʻike kūpono.

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