Hoʻokomo pū ʻia

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Hoʻokomo pū ʻia

He aha ka ʻololaryngology?

ʻO Otolaryngology, a i ʻole ENT, ka loea lapaʻau i hoʻolaʻa ʻia i nā maʻi a me nā anomalies o ka "ENT sphere", ʻo ia hoʻi:

  • ka pepeiao (waho, waena a me loko);
  • ihu a me nā lawehala;
  • ka puʻu a me ka ʻāʻī (waha, elelo, larynx, trachea);
  • nā hālia.

No laila hoihoi ka ENT i ka lohe, ka leo, ka hanu ʻana, ka honi a me ka ʻono, ke kaulike, a me nā helehelena nani (3). Hoʻopili pū ʻia me ka ʻoki kino cervico-helehelena.

Hiki ke mālama ʻia i nā ʻano he nui a me nā mea kūpono ʻole e ka otolaryngologist, ʻoiai hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia nā mea āpau o ka puni ENT e:

  • hānau kīnā;
  • ʻōpū;
  • nā maʻi a me nā mumū paha;
  • hōʻeha a hōʻeha paha;
  • hoʻohaʻahaʻa (ʻo ke kuli paha);
  • paralysis (helehelena, laryngeal);
  • akā hoʻi, nā hōʻailona no ka palakiko a me ke kahakaha nani o ka maka a me ka ʻāʻī.

I ka manawa hea e nīnau ai i kahi ENT?

Hoʻopili ka otolaryngologist (a i ʻole otolaryngologist) i ka mālama ʻana i nā maʻi he nui. Eia ka papa inoa pau ʻole o nā pilikia i hiki ke mālama ʻia ma ENT:

  • i ka waha:
    • wehe (excision) o nā tonsil, adenoid adenoids;
    • nā tumors a me nā maʻi ʻino;
    • ʻōpū o ka waha, elelo.
  • ma ka ihu:
  • paʻa ihu;
  • snoring et hiamoe apnea ;
  • sinusitis ;
  • rhinoplasty (hana e "hana hou" i ka ihu);
  • hoʻohaunaele ʻala.
  • nā'ā'ī pepeiao haʻi hou;
  • lohe pepeiao a kuli paha;
  • ʻeha pepeiao (ʻeha pepeiao);
  • tinnitus ;
  • nā haunaele kaulike, luʻuluʻu.
  • nā pathologies leo;
  • stridor (walaʻau ke hanu);
  • nā maʻi thyroid (i ka laulima ʻana me ka endocrinologist);
  • reflux gastro-laryngé;
  • maʻi laryngeal
  • ma ka pae o nā pepeiao:
  • i ka puʻu:
ʻOi aku ma ke kumuhana:  He aha e hoʻomanaʻo ai i ke koho ʻana i kahi kiwi

ʻOiai nā pathologies i ka ENT sphere hiki ke hoʻopili i nā mea āpau, aia kekahi mau mea ʻike weliweli, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

  • puhipaka;
  • inu lama loa;
  • kaupaona a momona paha (snoring, apnea…);
  • makahiki ʻōpio: ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o nā keiki i nā maʻi pepeiao a me nā maʻi ENT ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka poʻe mākua.

He aha ka hana a ENT?

E hōʻea i kahi kuhi a ʻike i ke kumu o nā maʻi, ka otolaryngologist:

  • nā nīnau i kāna mea hoʻomanawanui e ʻike i ke ʻano o nā maʻi, ko lākou lā o ka hoʻomaka a me kā lākou ʻano o ka hoʻomaka ʻana, ke ʻano o ka hōʻoluʻolu ʻole i ʻike ʻia.
  • hana i kahi hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua o nā ʻokena i nīnau ʻia, e hoʻohana ana i nā mea pono no ka ihu, nā pepeiao a me ka ʻāʻī (spatulas, otoscope, a pēlā aku);
  • Loaʻa paha iā ia ke noi i nā hoʻokolohua hou aʻe (radiography, ʻo kahi laʻana).

Aia i ka pilikia a me ka lāʻau e hāʻawi ʻia ai, e hoʻohana paha ka otolaryngologist:

  • i nā lāʻau like ʻole;
  • i nā fibroscopies a i ʻole nā ​​endoscopies, e nānā i ka ʻaoʻao o ke kolo hanu no ka laʻana;
  • nā hana ʻoki (ENT kahi loea loea), inā he tumo, hoʻomaha a hana hou paha;
  • nā prostheses a i ʻole nā ​​implants;
  • i ka hoʻoponopono hou.

He aha nā pilikia i ka wā o ke kūkā kamaʻilio ENT?

ʻAʻole pili ka kūkākūkā ʻana me ka otolaryngologist i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe no ka mea maʻi.

Pehea e lilo ai i ENT?

Lilo i ENT ma Palani

I lilo i ʻololaryngologist, pono i ka haumāna e loaʻa kahi palapala diploma o nā noiʻi kūikawā (DES) ma ENT a me ke poʻo a me ka ʻāʻī.

  • pono ʻo ia e ukali ma hope, ma hope o kāna baccalaureate, kahi makahiki mua maʻamau i ke aʻo olakino. E hoʻomaopopo i ka awelika ma lalo o 20% o nā haumāna e hoʻokele i kēia pae kiʻekiʻe;
  • i ka hopena o ka makahiki 6, lawe nā haumāna i nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokaʻawale aupuni e komo i ke kula kau. Ma muli o kā lākou hoʻohālikelike ʻana, hiki iā lākou ke koho i kā lākou loea a me kā lākou wahi o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa. He 5 mau makahiki ka lōʻihi o ke aʻo ʻana o ka otolaryngology.
ʻOi aku ma ke kumuhana:  Aia nā kuʻikahi, akā ʻaʻohe hoʻolaha - he aha ka hana (cervix, uterus)

ʻO ka hope loa, i hiki ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa ma ke ʻano he kauka lapaʻau a paʻa i ke poʻo o ke kauka, pono nō hoʻi i ka haumāna e pale aku i kahi palapala noiʻi.

Lilo i ENT ma Quebec

 Ma hope o ke aʻo ʻana i ke koleke, pono ka haumāna e hoʻopau i ke kauka i ka lāʻau. ʻO kēia pae mua he 1 a 4 mau makahiki paha (me ka ʻole o ka makahiki hoʻomākaukau no ka lāʻau no nā haumāna i ʻae ʻia me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana o ke koleke a i ʻole ke kula nui i manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole lawa i nā ʻepekema biolo maoli). A laila, pono ka haumāna e loea i ka ukali ʻana i kahi noho i ka otolaryngology a me ke poʻo o ka ʻāʻī a me ka ʻāʻī (5 makahiki). 

E hoʻomākaukau i kāu kipa

Ma mua o ka hele ʻana i kahi kau me ENT, he mea nui e lawe i nā hoʻokolohua kiʻi a biology paha i hoʻokō ʻia.

He mea nui e hoʻomaopopo i nā ʻano o ka ʻeha (ka lōʻihi, ka hoʻomaka ʻana, ke alapine, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe), e nīnau e pili ana i ka mōʻaukala o kou ʻohana a lawe mai i nā kauka like ʻole.

 

E loaʻa ai i kahi kauka ENT:

  • i Quebec, hiki iā ʻoe ke nīnau i ka pūnaewele o ka Association dʻoto-rhino-laryngologie et deirurgie cervico-faciale du Quebec4, e hāʻawi nei i kahi papa kuhikuhi o kā lākou lālā.
  • i Palani, ma o ka pūnaewele o ka Ordre des médecinsâ ?? µ a i ʻole ka Syndicat national des médecins hana loea i ENT a me ka cervico-alo ʻoki kino6, e hāʻawi nei i kahi papa kuhikuhi.

Uhi ʻia ke kūkākūkā me ka otolaryngologist e ka Health Insurance (Palani) a i ʻole Régie de lʻassurance maladie du Québec.

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