ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Contents

Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus)

Systematics:
  • Māhele: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Māhele: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Papa: Dacrymycetes (Dacrymycetes)
  • Papa haʻahaʻa: Incertae sedis (no ke kūlana maopopo ʻole)
  • Kauoha: Dacrymycetales (Dacrymycetes)
  • ʻOhana: Dacrymycetaceae
  • ʻAno: Dacrymyces (Dacrymyces)
  • Type: ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces gula spore)
  • ʻO Dacrymyces palmatus
  • Tremella palmata Schwein

ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus Berk ka inoa o kēia manawa. & MA Curtis

I ka makahiki 1873, ua wehewehe ʻia ka haʻuki e ka mea ʻimi mycologist Pelekane ʻo Miles Joseph Berkeley (1803–1889) a me Moses Ashley Curtis no Aotearoa, nāna i hāʻawi i ka inoa ʻo Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

Etymology mai δάκρυμα (dacryma) n, waimaka + μύκης, ητος (mykēs, ētos) m, halo. ʻO ka epithet chrysospermus mai χρυσός (Greek) m, gula, a me oσπέρμα (Greek) - hua.

I kekahi mau ʻāina ʻōlelo Pelekania, loaʻa i nā halo o ka genus Dacrymyces kahi inoa kaulana ʻē aʻe "witches butter", ʻo ia hoʻi ka manaʻo maoli ʻo "witch's butter".

i ke kino hua ʻaʻohe papale i haʻi ʻia, kumu a me hymenophore. Akā, ʻo ke kino huaʻai holoʻokoʻa he lobed a i ʻole ka lolo e like me ka ʻiʻo paʻakikī akā gelatinous. ʻO nā kino hua mai ka 3 a hiki i ka 20 mm ka laulā a me ke kiʻekiʻe, i ka manawa mua kokoke i spherical, a laila e lawe ana i kahi lolo lobed me ka wrinkled, ʻano palahalaha iki, e loaʻa ana i kahi ʻano o ka wāwae a me kahi pāpale pale. He laumā a paʻa ka ʻili, akā naʻe, ma lalo o ka hoʻonui ʻana, ʻike ʻia kahi ʻano ʻino.

Hoʻohui pinepine nā kino hua i nā hui mai 1 a 3 cm ke kiʻekiʻe a hiki i 6 cm ka laulā. ʻO ke kala o ka ʻili he melemele momona, melemele-alani, kahi o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka substrate he liiki a keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo, i ka wā e maloʻo ai, lilo ke kino hua i kahi translucent reddish-brown.

Pulp elastic gelatin-like, lilo i palupalu me ka makahiki, ke kala like me ka ʻili o nā kino hua. ʻAʻohe ona ʻala a me ka ʻono.

pauda spore - melemele.

Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa 18-23 x 6,5-8 microns, elongated, aneane cylindrical, laumania, lahilahi ka paia.

ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Noho ma luna o nā kumu popopo a me nā kumu lāʻau coniferous. ʻO nā huaʻai, e like me ke kānāwai, i nā hui ma nā wahi o ka lāʻau me ka ʻole o ka ʻili, a i ʻole mai nā māwae i ka ʻili.

wā hua - kokoke i ke kau hau ʻole a pau mai ka pūnāwai a i ka hopena o ka hāʻule. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia i ka wā hoʻoilo a hoʻomanawanui i ka hoʻoilo ma lalo o ka hau. He ākea ka wahi hoʻoili - ma ka ʻāpana o ka hoʻohele ʻana i nā ululāʻau coniferous o ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, Eurasia. Hiki ke loaʻa iā ia ma ka ʻākau o ka Arctic Circle.

Hiki ke ʻai ʻia ka halo akā ʻaʻohe ʻono. Hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻohui i nā salakeke, a hoʻolapalapa ʻia (i loko o nā soup) a ʻai ʻia (maʻa mau i ka batter).

ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Nalo nā Dacrymyces (Dacrymyces deliquescens)

– ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā kino hua ʻano like ʻole o ka gelatinous me ka ʻalani a i ʻole ka melemele, ʻoi aku ka momona o ka pulp.

ʻO nā spores gula ʻo Dacrimyces, ʻoiai nā hiʻohiʻona microscopic ʻokoʻa loa, he ʻano like ko waho me kekahi mau ʻano haʻalulu:

Ke gula haʻalulu (Tremella aurantia) ʻAʻole like me ka dacrimyces aureus spores, ulu ʻo ia ma luna o ka lāʻau make o nā lāʻau lau ākea a paʻa i nā haʻani o ka genus Stereum. ʻOi aku ka nui o nā kino hua o ka haʻalulu gula.

ʻO Dacrymyces chrysospermus (Dacrymyces chrysospermus) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

ʻAlani haʻalulu (Tremella mesenterica)

- ʻokoʻa hoʻi i ka ulu ʻana ma nā kumulāʻau deciduous a me nā parasitizes i nā haʻani o ka genus Peniophora. ʻOi aku ka nui o ke kino hua o ka ʻalani haʻalulu a ʻaʻohe kala keʻokeʻo i ʻōlelo ʻia ma kahi o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka substrate. ʻO ka pauka spore, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, he keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo me ka pauda spore melemele o Dacrymyces chrysospermus.

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Kiʻi: Vicki. Pono mākou i nā kiʻi o Dacrymyces chrysospermus!

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