Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Contents

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster)

Systematics:
  • Māhele: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Māhele: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Papa: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Papa haʻahaʻa: Incertae sedis (no ke kūlana maopopo ʻole)
  • Kauoha: Polyporales (Polypore)
  • ʻOhana: Fomitopsidaceae (Fomitopsis)
  • ʻAno: Postia (Postiya)
  • Type: Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster)

Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo:

  • Postia puffy-bellied
  • Pepe ʻia ʻo Postia
  • Oligoporous pelu
  • Oligoporus puhlobruhii

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Ka inoa o kēia manawa: Postia ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Vesterh., ma Knudsen & Hansen, Nordic Jl Bot. 16(2): 213 (1996)

Hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Postia folded-bly i ʻelua ʻano o nā kino hua: kahi kino hua maoli i hoʻomohala ʻia a me ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "conidial", ke kahua kūpono ʻole. Hiki i nā kino hua o nā ʻano ʻelua ke ulu i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua a i ka manawa like, a kūʻokoʻa kekahi i kekahi.

kino hua maoli i ka wā ʻōpiopio, ʻaoʻao, palupalu, keʻokeʻo. Ulu hoʻokahi a i ʻole ma nā pūʻulu liʻiliʻi, hiki i nā kino kokoke ke hui i nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole. Hiki i kahi hōʻike hoʻokahi ke piʻi i ke anawaena a hiki i 10 knm, ke kiʻekiʻe (mānoanoa) ma kahi o 2 knm, ʻo kona ʻano he uluna a semicircular paha. ʻO ka ʻili he pubescent, huluhulu, keʻokeʻo i nā kino hua ʻōpiopio, huli ʻeleʻele i nā mea kahiko.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Nā kino hua i ka wā conidial liʻiliʻi, ua like ka nui o ka manamana lima me ka hua manu puʻu, e like me nā pōpō palupalu liʻiliʻi. ʻO ka mua keʻokeʻo, a laila melemele-ʻeleʻele. I ka oʻo ʻana, lilo lākou i ʻeleʻele, brittle, pauka a ʻokiʻoki, e hoʻokuʻu ana i nā chlamydospoes makua.

Hymenophore: ʻO Tubular, hana ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa o ke kino hua, kakaʻikahi, lohi a palaho koke, e paʻakikī ai ka ʻike. He palupalu a pōkole nā ​​tubules, 2-5 mm, liʻiliʻi, i ka mua liʻiliʻi, ma kahi o 2-4 i kēlā me kēia mm, ke ʻano "honeycomb" maʻamau, ma hope, me ka ulu ʻana, a hiki i ka 1 mm ke anawaena, pinepine me nā paia haki. Aia ka hymenophore, ma ke ʻano he kānāwai, ma ka ʻaoʻao lalo o ke kino hua, i kekahi manawa ma nā ʻaoʻao. ʻO ke kala o ka hymenophore he keʻokeʻo, ʻulaʻula, me ka makahiki - cream.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

(Kiʻi: Wikipedia)

Pulp: palupalu i nā kino hua ʻōpiopio, ʻoi aku ka paʻa a paʻa ma ke kumu. Loaʻa i nā filament i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e nā puka i hoʻopiha ʻia me nā chlamydospora. Ma ka ʻāpana, ʻike ʻia kahi hoʻolālā zonal concentric. I loko o nā halo makua, palupalu ka ʻiʻo.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

ʻO Chlamydospores (ʻo ia ke ʻano ma ka pae kūpono ʻole) he oval-elliptical, pā mānoanoa, 4,7 × 3,4-4,5 µm.

ʻO Basidiospores (mai nā kino hua maoli) he elliptical, me ka ihu beveled ma ka hopena, maʻemaʻe, kala ʻole, maʻamau me kahi hāʻule. Nui 4–5,5 × 2,5–3,5 µm.

ʻAʻole hiki ke ʻai ʻia.

Postia folded-bellied – nā ʻano ʻano o ka hāʻule hope.

Ke ulu nei ma luna o ka lāʻau make, a me ke kumu parasite ma ka lāʻau make a nāwaliwali o nā lāʻau ola i loko o nā ululāʻau coniferous a hui pū ʻia, ka mea nui ma nā conifers, ʻoi aku ma luna o ka pine a me ka spruce, ʻike pū ʻia ma ka larch. Loaʻa ia ma nā lāʻau deciduous, akā kakaikahi.

Ke kumu lāʻau popopo ʻeleʻele.

Ma waho aʻe o nā ululāʻau maoli a me nā mea kanu, hiki iā ia ke ulu ma waho o ka ululāʻau ma luna o ka lāʻau i mālama ʻia: ma nā basements, attics, ma nā pā a me nā pou.

ʻO nā kino hua he makahiki, ma lalo o nā kūlana maikaʻi ma kahi a lākou e makemake ai, ulu lākou i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

Manaʻo ʻia ka postia ptychogaster. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma nā Buke Ula o nā ʻāina he nui. Ma Polani, loaʻa iā ia kahi kūlana R - hiki ke pilikia ma muli o ka palena palena. A ma Finland, ma kahi ʻē, ʻaʻole kakaikahi ka ʻano, he inoa kaulana hoʻi ʻo "Powdered Curling Ball".

Loaʻa ia ma ʻEulopa a me ko mākou ʻāina, Kanada a me ʻAmelika ʻĀkau.

Postia ptychogaster (Postia ptychogaster) kiʻi a me ka wehewehe

Postia astringent (Postia stiptica)

ʻAʻole loaʻa i kēia postia kahi ʻano pubescent o nā kino hua, ʻoi aku ka ʻono ʻawaʻawa (inā ʻaʻa ʻoe e hoʻāʻo)

Loaʻa nā kino hua pubescent like ʻole i nā ʻano ʻano ʻē aʻe ma ka genera Postia a me Tyromyces, akā ʻuʻuku lākou a ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka nui.

  • Arongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Link, Mag. ʻO Gesell. Nā Hoa kūlohelohe, Berlin 3(1-2): 24 (1809)
  • Ceriomyces albus (Corda) Sacc., Syll. haʻiki (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces albus var. richonii Sacc., Syll. haʻiki (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Ceriomyces richonii Sacc., Syll. hauʻoli. (Abellini) 6: 388 (1888)
  • Leptoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Pilát, ma Kavina & Pilát, Atlas Champ. l'Europa, III, Polyporaceae (Prague) 1: 206 (1938)
  • ʻO Oligoporus ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Falck & O. Falck, ma Ludwig, ka noiʻi palaho maloʻo. 12:41 (1937)
  • Oligoporus ustilaginoides Bref., Unters. huina kālā Mycol. (Liepzig) 8:134 (1889)
  • Ua hōʻiliʻili ʻia ʻo Polyporus ptychogaster F. Ludw., Z. ʻano 3: 424 (1880)
  • Polyporus ustilaginoides (Bref.) Sacc. & Traverso, Syll. hauʻoli. (Abellini) 20: 497 (1911)
  • Ptychogaster albus Corda, Ikona. hauʻoli. (Prague) 2:24, fig. 90 (1838)
  • Ptychogaster flavescens Falck & O. Falck, Hausschwamm-forsch. 12 (1937)
  • Ptychogaster fuliginoides (Pers.) Donk, Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet., Ser. C, Biol. ʻO Med. ʻO Sci. 75(3): 170 (1972)
  • Strongylium fuliginoides (Pers.) Ditmar, Neues J. Bot. 3(3, 4): 55 (1809)
  • Trichoderma fuliginoides Pers., Syn. meth. hauʻoli. (Göttingen) 1: 231 (1801)
  • Tyromyces ptychogaster (F. Ludw.) Donk, Meded. Iwi. manu liʻiliʻi. Laʻau. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 9:153 (1933)

Kiʻi: Mushik.

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